Back to Ask the Diabetes Team Ask the Diabetes Team

From Newtown Square, Pennsylvania, USA:

I have had a kidney disease since I was six (minimal change disease). I have been on and off of prednisone for many years. I'm 37 now and just had another relapse. I went up to 40 mg of prednisone until I stopped spilling protein. Now I'm on 25 mg. every other day and tapering down to 7.5 mg. Recently, I have recently been spilling glucose (it never happened to me before) in my urine. This got me scared so I bought a glucose meter to check my blood. My fasting glucose seems to be between 76 and 88 mg/dl [4.2 and 4.9 mmol/L]. I'm really stressed out right now. I went to the doctor to get what I guess is called a A1c test. If I don't watch what I eat my glucose goes up to about 209 mg/dl [11.6 mmol/L], then in two hours or so it is around 109 to 114 mg/dl [6.1 to 6.3 mmol/L] and, in three hours it's about 90 mg/dl [5 mmol/L}, and I will spill glucose and ketones in my urine. When I'm on my off day of steroids I may only have ketones in my urine. One other thing the glucose and ketones are about a trace or a little more and disappear in about 4 hours or so. When I watch what I eat my blood glucose will go to about 145 mg/dl {8.1 mmol/L] after eating then drop to about 90 mg/dl [5 mmol/L] if I don't eat anything else after that. I do urinate frequently when I'm on the prednisone day. I only get up one time at night to urinate, but I do get a little sleepy when I eat.

Could this be type 1 or type 2? How can you tell which one you have? Is type 1 worse than type 2? I really don't want to take insulin shots. What is a normal A1c?


You probably have type 2 diabetes, if you have diabetes. Your physician needs to discuss with you whether you meet the criteria for diabetes. When glucose levels rise with steroids, it usually occurs because you have a predisposition (or family history) for developing diabetes. The higher the steroid dose, the more the effect on your blood sugars. You need to be tested with more formal testing to definitively answer the question of whether you have diabetes. If you do have type 2 diabetes, I anticipate you wouldn't need insulin, rather, you could be treated with a pill to lower your sugars. A hemoglobin A1c is a test which is used to determine your average daily blood sugar over the previous three months. However, it is not usually used as a screening tool for diagnosing diabetes.


Original posting 15 Nov 2000
Posted to Diagnosis and Symptoms


  Back to Ask the Diabetes Team Return to the Top of This Page

Last Updated: (none)
This Internet site provides information of a general nature and is designed for educational purposes only. If you have any concerns about your own health or the health of your child, you should always consult with a physician or other health care professional.

This site is published by T-1 Today, Inc. (d/b/a Children with Diabetes), a 501c3 not-for-profit organization, which is responsible for its contents. Our mission is to provide education and support to families living with type 1 diabetes.
By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use, Legal Notice, and Privacy Policy.
© Children with Diabetes, Inc. 1995-2018. Comments and Feedback.