Back to Diabetes Basics Standards of Clinical Care

The following table outlines the type of care your child should receive. Very young kids won't need everything (such as eye exams), but older kids, especially teens, likely will. Remember, this is only a guideline.

Care or Service How Often
Visit with a doctor Every 3-4 months
Visit with a dietitian Every 3-4 months
Visit with a diabetes educator Every 3-4 months
Blood glucose testing Before meals and at bedtime, at a minimum.
The more you test, the better you'll do.
HbA1C test Every 3 months
Eye check for retinopathy Yearly in children 12 or older who have had diabetes for at least five years
Urine test for microalbuminuria Yearly after five years of diabetes or after puberty
Lipid profile
(cholesterol and triglycerides)
Height and weight measurements Every visit

For More Information


  1. Understanding Insulin-Dependent Diabetes, 8th Edition by H. Peter Chase, M.D., 1995, pp. 188-9.
  2. Management of Diabetes Mellitus: Perspectives of Care Across the Life Span edited by Debra Haire-Joshu, MSEd, MSN, PhD, RN., St. Louis, 1992, pp. 629-30.
  3. The Joslin Guide to Diabetes by Richard S. Beaser, M.D., with Joan V.C. Hill, R.D., C.D.E., pg. 30.

Updated August 26, 2004

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